Pallets Packaging 15 01 03
Pallets are made in various shapes and sizes depending on the products being transported. They are commonly made from softwoods, plastic and occasionally plywood, although some are tailor made from good quality timbers. They may also include polythene, shrink wrap or cardboard packaging. Pallets are rarely treated or painted other than sprayed paint markings. Some may be contaminated from their former contents.
Usage & Probable Locations
Pallets are used to pack, transport and store goods and materials. They may have been left on site by the former occupants, found in the store rooms of buildings being demolished or delivered to refurbishment sites where new materials or products are required. Spare parts for plant and equipment may also be delivered to site on pallets and are frequently non-returnable. Blue and plastic pallets have most reuse value.
Personal Protective Equipment
PPE requirements indicated are for guidance purposes only. DRIDS has identified the PPE that is mandatory on all demolition projects and ones that may be required subject to site specific Risk Assessment & Method Statement (RAMS). Hover over the icon to determine the types of PPE required for the removal of this material.
Removal, Segregation & Storage
Depending on the quality, size and condition of the pallets, will determine if it is to be segregated and stored. Pallets rarely have any fixtures or fittings, but may include the occasional loose nail. Pallets in good condition and a usable size may have a reuse value, especially if there is a large number of similar size. An outlet for their reuse should be arranged before they are segregated and stored either inside or outside. They should be stored away from plant movements to prevent breakage or splash damage. Pallets destined for recycling or recovery should be segregated from other materials in a timber or plastic only skip. Pallets destined for landfill can be placed in the mixed waste skip.
Fixtures, Fittings & Connections
Pallets are commonly manufactured from unplanned timbers and timber sheets using nails, staples, metal stitch plates or corrugated fasteners. Pallets may also be used to form the base of a crate and may include hinges, bolts and hasps and staples for security. Some pallets may be painted or preserved but this is rare. Some may be fitted with polystyrene, foam, plastic or cardboard packing to protect the products being transported. These should be removed before sending the pallets for reuse, recycling or recovery.
Health & Safety
Subject to task-specific Risk Assessment & Method Statement (RAMS). Use correct protective equipment for removing fixings, especially nails and staples. Wear gloves when handling unplanned pallets which may have damaged edges or coated in preservatives to prevent irritation, cuts and splinters. Wear eye protection when removing fixtures, fixings and connections. Wear a face mask when removing packaging materials and sweeping up dust.